A branch of practical philosophy whose concern is with the nature and aims of education is called the philosophy of education. With the help of the philosophy of education, we can also resolve the problems that are arising from educational theory and practices. We have to take an overview of the complete world, meanings and purpose of human life in this philosophy. For the creation of the sound philosophy, we have to consider the individual society. We have to consider society and individuals from the interaction point of view. Here, we will take a detailed overview of the influence of philosophy in education.
Aims of Education
No doubt, the education systems have their aims and objectives. We can use them as guides for educating the children. In other words, we can’t think about these educational processes without aims and objectives. We can determine these aims and objectives by utilizing philosophy in education. Here, we should understand that these aims and ideals of education vary from one philosopher to another philosopher. For the determination of the moral and intellectual value in education, we have to focus on the philosophy of time. To determine these aims and objectives, the philosophers have to solve the hard mysteries of life. They can arrive at that point after mature reflection and thinking.
To realize the aims of education, we have to develop a curriculum. Therefore, we can say that we can develop this curriculum based on our educational aims. As we have discussed earlier, we have to determine the aims of education with philosophy in education. Therefore, we can say that philosophy and curriculum are interrelated. With the help of philosophy, we can determine why we should include a specific aim in the curriculum. Anyhow, we should note that we can’t fix the curriculum all the time. Its reason is that we have to change it time by time. That’s why the curriculum differs from different schools of philosophy. The students have to select the subjects based on their present needs, interests and activities.
No doubt, textbooks are the best instruments to realize the aims of education. By using philosophy in education, we can use ideals and principles in the textbooks. While selecting the best textbooks, we have to follow the best standards of judgment. The philosophy is supplying these standards. Anyhow, we have to prevail over the values of life with the help of a good textbook. If we fail to prevail over the values of life, these textbooks are inaccurate and out-of-date. Moreover, these textbooks should also show the accepted ideals of society. Anyhow, if we will observe different schools of philosophy, we will find different opinions.
By using a method, we can also realize the aims of education. To realize these aims of education, we have to subject the philosophy of education. Therefore, we can say that there is a close relationship between philosophy in education and philosophy in teaching. All the philosophies will formulate their own opinions. That’s why we will observe different methods of teaching in different schools. They use these methods to capture the interests of the children in the lessons. The philosophers also try to make an influence of the teacher’s personality on the pupils. Moreover, the pupils have to give respect to their teachers and they have to follow their rules.
We should also reflect philosophy in the disciplines. We have to mainly govern it with the aims of education. Due to the difference in philosophy in education, different schools are following different concepts of disciplines. For example, if we adopt the philosophies of idealists, they focus on the punishment for maintaining laws in the classrooms. On the other hand, naturalists are advocating for the perfect freedom of the students in the classrooms. They say that we should introduce discipline from the natural consequences.
No doubt, the teacher is the backbone of the entire education system. Therefore, we should base the education system by perfecting consonance with the philosophy in education. If someone wants to become a successful teacher, he has to follow various things. For example, they should have full command of their subjects. They should also understand their pupils and society. They should also pay attention to the philosophy in education. Here, the naturalists are insisting that they should not interfere with the free activities of their pupils. To develop full faith, the teachers should try to inspire the students with their personalities.
It has become the pivot of the education system. With the help of goals and aims, we have to decorate the reports for the education commissions. On the other hand, we have to create a curriculum for the booklets only. If we want to get an exact idea of what we have achieved, we have to utilize the evaluation process. We have to provide it in the classrooms as the teaching-learning process. It is also the best way to determine the ways that we can use to obtain the results. By introducing the best evaluation processes, we can also bring improvements in the techniques and procedures of education.
Along with these specific impacts of philosophy in education, it is also lasting some general impacts. First, we can psychologies it. It means that we can recognize individual differences. Secondly, we have to introduce the principles of activity. It means that we can promote learning by doing in the education system. Thirdly, we have to recognize the social discipline in education. It will work as a patent factor for educational development. Fourthly, it is focusing on democracy in developing countries. For this reason, it is introducing guiding factors in these countries.
No doubt, there are metamorphoses in the social structures of all the countries. Therefore, we can say that philosophy in education and life are interlinked with each other. It is giving directions in various ways. For example, we are getting directions for the successful harshening of education. We are also getting directions for the good of life and the good of society. The philosophy is providing these exclusive directions in the education system. Philosophy is the mother of all the sciences. That’s why it has an intimate relationship with education. In other words, these are the two sides of the same coin.
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