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Explore the three main types of loft conversions built in the UK

Loft conversions are a popular way to add extra living space to a home in the UK, especially in urban areas where extending outward isn’t always feasible. These conversions can vary in style and complexity, depending on the existing structure and the homeowner’s needs. In this article, we’ll explore the three main types of loft conversions built in the UK: Dormer, Mansard, and Hip-to-Gable conversions.

1. Dormer Loft Conversions

Dormer conversions are one of the most common types in the UK. This style involves extending the existing roof to create more headroom and floor space. The extension projects vertically from the slope of the existing roof, creating a box-like structure. This type of conversion is suitable for almost all house types, including terraced, semi-detached, and detached homes.


•Maximises space by adding headroom and floor area.

•Allows for the installation of conventional windows, which increases natural light and ventilation.

•Versatile in design, ranging from simple flat-roof dormers to more elaborate gabled or hipped roof dormers.


•May require planning permission, depending on the size and design.

•More visible from the outside, potentially altering the house’s external appearance.

2. Mansard Loft Conversions

Mansard conversions involve altering the structure of the sloped roof to an almost vertical profile, at a 72-degree angle. This style is often seen in urban areas and is named after the 17th-century French architect Francois Mansart. Mansard conversions are typically built at the rear of the house and can span the entire length of the roof.


•Provides significant additional space, often allowing for multiple rooms.

•Blends well with older properties, especially in conservation areas.

•Can be aesthetically pleasing, often featuring small dormer windows.


•Generally, the most expensive type of loft conversion.

•Almost always requires planning permission due to the significant changes to the roof’s structure and house silhouette.

3. Hip-to-Gable Loft Conversions

Hip-to-Gable conversions are ideal for semi-detached or detached houses with hipped roofs, where one or more sides slope inwards. The conversion extends the sloping side of the roof outwards to create a vertical gable end, increasing the internal loft space.


•Maximises space in homes with hipped roofs.

•Can blend in seamlessly with the existing roof design.

•Suitable for adding extra rooms like bedrooms or home offices.


•Only suitable for certain types of houses with hipped roofs.

•May require planning permission, depending on the extent of the changes.


Each type of loft conversion offers unique benefits and challenges. The choice largely depends on the existing structure of the home, the amount of additional space required, the budget, and planning constraints. It’s crucial to consult with a professional who can advise on the best type of conversion for your specific needs, considering both practicality and aesthetic appeal. With the right design and execution, a loft conversion can significantly enhance your living space and increase the value of your property.

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