Computers and Technology

What is SAP ABAP Workbench?

ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) is a high-level 4th generation programming language useful for the creation of large applications for business purposes. In addition, this event-driven programming ensures customization in SAP software.

Types Of ABAP Programs

SAP ABAP is a simple and easy-to-learn language that helps in programming. In addition, it helps in improving the SAP-based application and allows the creation of custom reports and interfaces. Moreover, it consists of a few program types on the basis of how a program is executed and handled by the runtime environment. In addition, there are many institutions that offer SAP ABAP Online Training in India and one can learn this language from them. Let’s have a look at the program types supported by ABAP.

  • Executable Programs- These type I programs can be executed by using the SUBMIT statement and are mainly useful in displaying large amounts of data.
  • Module pools- These are M-type programs and are responsible for the collection of the ABAP dialog program. In addition, they support 4 types of events related to the screen and its elements.
  • Class pools- These K-type programs consist of one global class and any number of local classes. In addition, one cannot execute these programs directly and their global classes help in loading them.
  • Interface pools- These are type J programs and they contain a single definition of a global interface. In addition, it needs builder tools for its creation.
  • Subroutines- These type S programs can be termed as a code block between FORM and ENDFORM. It has two types that are internal & external.
  • Function groups- These F-type programs are created with the help of the function builder tool and one cannot execute them independently.
  • Type groups- These programs do not have their own screen or processing block. In addition, the ABAP Dictionary tool helps in the creation of these programs.
  • Include programs- They are I-type programs and it helps in resolving the code written as part of the Include program before generation.

SAP ABAP Workbench

SAP ABAP Workbench can be termed as a collection of tools used by ABAP developers. These tools are helpful in creating various applications with the help of the ABAP language. In addition, it is a central part of SAP business applications and helps in supporting Graphical User Interface (GUI). Above all, the ABAP workbench ensures information integration and lets the transfer of development among systems. Moreover, it helps in communicating with external as well as desktop applications. Given below are some of the components of SAP ABAP Workbench.

  • ABAP Editor- Editor in ABAP is helpful in managing and maintaining the programs.
  • ABAP Dictionary- This component manages the dictionary objects.
  • Repository Browser- It is helpful in displaying the package components in a hierarchy structure.
  • Menu Painter- Menu Painter helps in developing the GUI components.
  • Screen Painter- The screen components of online programs are maintained using these components.
  • Repository Information System- This component records info about runtime objects and their development.
  • Function Builder- It assists in maintaining and managing the functioning modules and groups.

Apart from these, the data modeler supports graphical modeling and the workbench organizer helps in managing various development projects. In addition, SAP ABAP also consists of test and analysis tools such as Syntax Check and the Debugger.


SAP ABAP is a 4th gen language useful for creating business applications. In conclusion, a number of organizations help in building a career in this language by providing SAP ABAP Training in Delhi. It has a few types of programs along with multiple tools in the workbench. Workbench tools support the entire life cycle of software development.

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